The Tudor Rose
The following family trees are related to the House of Tudor.
Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard were cousins. Lady Elizabeth Howard and Edmund Howard were siblings; Elizabeth Howard married Thomas Boleyn. Anne Boleyn married Henry VIII, King of England, in 1533. Henry VIII executed Anne in 1536 for charges of incest. Henry VIII married Catherine Howard, his fifth wife, in 1540. She was executed in 1542. Catherine was unfaithful and promiscuous. Consequentially Anne and Catherine Howard were the only wives of Henry VIII to be executed. Catherine Howard and Anne Boleyn were laid to rest near one another in the Chapel of St. Peter ad Vincula at the Tower of London.
Henry VIII of England was a member to the House of Tudor. Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard were also members of the House of Tudor.
Henry VIII of England
Arthur Tudor was born on September 1486. He was the first son of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York. Arthur died at the age of 15 on the 2 April 1502. At that time he was only married 20 weeks to Katherine of Aragon. The marriage of Katherine and Arthur was a politically motivated alliance, for England and Spain. Henry VII, wanting to maintain the marital alliance between England and Spain, suggested his other son, Henry, marry Arthur's widow, Katherine of Aragon. Katherine was the youngest daughter of the great King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain. A dispensation from the Pope was required, because the book of Leviticus states, "If a brother is to marry the wife of a brother they will remain childless." Since Katherine swore that her marriage to Arthur had not been consummated, the marriage of Katherine and Arthur is not considered a holy and legal marriage. Just to be sure, England and Spain agreed that a papal dispensation would be necessary. Both nations wanted to remove any doubt, if any would arise later in time, regarding the legitimacy of the marriage.
Pope Julius II granted a Papal Bull (a papal dispensation) so Henry and Katherine can legally marry, without breaking any religious rule. That being said, Henry VIII married his brother's widow.
Family Tree #14
Edward III of England ↔ Philippa of Hainault
↓ ← ↓ ← ← ← ← ↓ → ↓
Joan of England Isabella ↓ Edward, the Black Prince ↔ Joan
Married (1) ↓ Married (3)
Blanche of Lancaster ↔ John of Gaunt ↔ Katherine Swynford
↓ ← ← ↓ ↓
Catherine of Lancaster ↓ John Beaufort ↔ Margaret
Mary de Bohun ↔ Henry IV of England ↓
↓ → → ↓ ↓
Married (2) Married (1) ↓ ↓
Owen Tudor ↔ Catherine of Valois ↔ Henry V of England ↓
↓ ↓ John ↔ Margaret
↓ Henry VI ↓
↓ Married ↓ ← ←
Edmund Tudor ↔ Lady Margaret Beaufort
This family tree is an example of how the monarchy interbreed. John of Gaunt married Blanche of Lancaster. Blanche died of the Bubonic plague. John married Katherine Swynford after Infanta Constance of Castile, his second wife, died. John of Gaunt had Henry IV with Blanche of Lancaster and he had John Beaufort with Katherine Swynford. Lady Margaret Beaufort's great paternal grandfather was John of Gaunt. Edmund Tudor's grear grandfather was John Gaunt also. Edmund and Lady Maragaret married. John Gaunt's great grandson and great granddaughter married.
Lady Margaret Beaufort was a member of the House of Beaufort. Edmund Tudor was a member of the House of Tudor.